conjecture

conjecture vb Conjecture, surmise, guess are comparable as verbs, meaning to draw an inference from slight evi-dence, and as nouns, denoting an inference based upon such evidence.
Conjecture implies formation of an opinion or judgment upon what is recognized as insufficient evidence
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Washington conjectured that at least 300 of the enemy were killed— Amer. Guide Series: Pa.

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mysteries which must explain themselves are not worth the loss of time which a conjecture about them takes up— Sterne

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Surmise implies still slighter evidence, and exercise of the imagination or indulgence in suspicion
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what thoughts he had beseems not me to say, though some surmise he went to fast and pray— Dryden

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just how long the small multiplied impressions will take to break into surmise . . . nobody can tell— Quiller-Couch

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we are not told what their business was but we may surmise it was the fur trade—G. F. Hudson

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Guess implies a hitting upon or an attempting to hit upon either at random or from insufficient, uncertain, or ambiguous evidence
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you would never guess from meeting them that anyone would pay them for their ideas— Rose Macaulay

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my daughter Lucie is . . . such a mystery to me; I can make no guess at the state of her heart— Dickens

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Analogous words: *infer; gather, conclude, judge, deduce: speculate, reason, *think: imagine, fancy, conceive (see THINK)
Contrasted words: ascertain, determine, learn, *discover: *prove, demonstrate, test, try
conjecture n surmise, guess (see under CONJECTURE vb)
Analogous words: theory, *hypothesis: *opinion, view, belief, sentiment: inference, deduction, conclusion, judgment (see under INFER)
Antonyms: fact

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

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  • conjecture — [ kɔ̃ʒɛktyr ] n. f. • 1246; lat. conjectura 1 ♦ Opinion fondée sur des probabilités ou des apparences. ⇒ hypothèse, supposition. Parler de qqch. par conjecture. Conjecture sur l avenir. ⇒ prévision, pronostic. 2 ♦ (Nuance péj.) Opinion fondée sur …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • conjecture — CONJECTURE. s. f. Jugement probable, opinion que l on fonde sur quelques apparences touchant quelque chose obscure & incertaine. Forte, foible, puissante conjecture. legere, vaine conjecture. conjecture trompeuse. conjecture bien fondée, mal… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • conjecture — CONJECTURE. subs. fém. Jugement probable, opinion que l on fonde sur quelques apparences touchant une chose obscure et incertaine. Forte conjecture. Puissante conjecture. Foible, légère, vaine conjecture. Conjecture trompeuse, bien fondée, mal… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • conjecture — Conjecture, Coniectura, Coniectatio. Faulse conjecture, Fallax coniectura. Entendre par conjecture, Coniectura consequi. Qu on scait par conjectures, Coniecturalis. Choses desquelles on peut faire quelque conjecture, Res positae in coniectura. On …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • conjecture — I noun assumption, belief, guess, guesswork, hypothesis, imputation, inference, opinion, postulate, postulation, presumption, presupposition, presurmise, speculation, supposal, supposition, surmise, suspicion, theory, thesis, unverified… …   Law dictionary

  • conjecture — [kən jek′chər] n. [ME < L conjectura, a putting together, guess, inference < conjectus, pp. of conjicere, to throw together, guess < com , together + jacere, to throw: see JET1] 1. an inferring, theorizing, or predicting from incomplete… …   English World dictionary

  • Conjecture — Con*jec ture, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Conjectured}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Conjecturing}.] [Cf. F. conjecturer. Cf. {Conject}.] To arrive at by conjecture; to infer on slight evidence; to surmise; to guess; to form, at random, opinions concerning. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Conjecture — Con*jec ture (; 135?), n. [L. conjectura, fr. conjicere, conjectum, to throw together, infer, conjecture; con + jacere to throw: cf. F. conjecturer. See {Jet} a shooting forth.] An opinion, or judgment, formed on defective or presumptive… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • conjecture — late 14c., interpretation of signs and omens, from O.Fr. conjecture surmise, guess, or directly from L. coniectura conclusion, interpretation, guess, inference, lit. a casting together (of facts, etc.), from coniectus, pp. of conicere to throw… …   Etymology dictionary

  • conjecture — [n] speculation, assumption conclusion, fancy, guess, guesstimate*, guesswork, hunch, hypothesis, inference, notion, opinion, perhaps, presumption, shot in the dark*, sneaking suspicion, stab in the dark*, supposition, surmise, theorizing,… …   New thesaurus

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